Medieval Rings

les Enluminures
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A SIMPLE, ELEGANT HOOP WITH PURPLE GLASS SIMULATING AMETHYST, A GEMSTONE ASSOCIATED WITH UNCONDITIONAL AND SELFLESS LOVE

Roman Empire, 2nd century

Gold and glass

  • 3.000 €
  • £2,700
  • $3,500
  • A SIMPLE, ELEGANT HOOP WITH PURPLE GLASS SIMULATING AMETHYST, A GEMSTONE ASSOCIATED WITH UNCONDITIONAL AND SELFLESS LOVE

    Roman Empire, 2nd century
    Gold and glass
    Weight 1.8 gr; circumference 48 mm; US size 4¾; UK size J

    This particular type of ring is Graeco-Roman and found up to the end of the 2nd century; interestingly, it is a classical antecedent for the Gothic stirrup ring.  Their love of color led the Romans to use many different stones and also colored glass as occurs here in this delicate ring made of hollow gold.  For this ring, see the typology of forms for ancient Rome developed by Marshall (1908, p. xlvi, fig. E.xv).

    Description
    Hollow thin hoop rounded on the exterior and flat on the interior, widening to form the high oval bezel set with a purple glass. Rear of the shank very thin; in excellent condition.

    Literature
    For comparisons, see London, British Museum (a silver Graeco-Roman example, published by Marshall, 1908, no. 1147).

    Reference number: 208

  • Bezel

    The upper, protruding part of a finger ring (excluding the hoop and the shoulders) often set with a gemstone.

    Gemstone

    Gemstone (also called a precious stone) is a mineral that is valuable, rare and often beautiful.

  • Ancient

    The term “ancient” can include everything from Egypt to Etruscan and Phoenician to Greece, literally thousands of years of history. Here we are concerned primarily with Hellenistic and Imperial Rome. The Hellenistic age extends from c. 325 B.C. until the inauguration of the Roman Empire in 27 B.C.; and Imperial Rome thereafter until the reign of Constantine from c. 306-327 and the Sack of Rome in 410 by the Visigoths led by Alaric.

    Both gold (from extensive new mining operations) and precious stones (from new trade routes) were plentiful during the Hellenist Age, and jewelry was highly prized as conveying social status. Multicolored gemstones were in frequent use, chalcedonies, cornelians, and above all garnets (from India). Seed pearls, emeralds, and amethysts also are found by the first and second centuries B.C. While Hellenistic jewelry much imitated Greek prototypes, some forms originate during this era, and they include the Heracles knot that remained popular through Roman times and the hinged ring.

    At first, Roman rings of the Imperial period were relatively simple, but by the first century the taste for luxury and displays of wealth was much noted by Roman writers. Martial and other critics of Roman society parodied the newly rich (see Spier 2012, p. 12). One of his epigrams ridicules the dandy Charinus, who wears six rings on each finger and never takes them off because he does not have a gem case (implying that he does not own them they are rented). In Petronius’s Satyricon, Fortunata the wife of a former slave is mocked for wearing at least “six and half pounds on her” during a banquet. These accounts speak to the wide availability of jewelry during this era. Among the new forms, the new pierced openwork in gold (opus interrasile) is worth noting. By the later Roman Empire, especially the third through fifth centuries, Roman jewelry becomes more sophisticated: among the forms that date from this time are double- and triple- bezel rings, as well as the pyramid setting.

    A certain amount of information survives concerning the making of jewelry in antiquity. Jewelry is almost always described by weight and if there are stones the weight without the stones is given. These weights are closely related to those of coinage, so customers may have supplied coins to itinerant or shop-based craftsmen. There were certainly guilds in Roman times. We also suspect that children worked as jewelers and engravers; there is a tombstone of a 19 year old gem engraver known. Archeological finds reveal that shops surrounding the marketplace belonged to retail traders dealing with the local market; there are transfer and rental agreements for jewelry shows (see Ogden 1982, p. 177). The shop of one jeweler was only 5 feet by 4 feet in size, much like artisan’s workshops throughout the medieval era. Certainly itinerant goldsmiths must also have existed.

  • ring
  • ring
  • ring
ring

A SIMPLE, ELEGANT HOOP WITH PURPLE GLASS SIMULATING AMETHYST, A GEMSTONE ASSOCIATED WITH UNCONDITIONAL AND SELFLESS LOVE

Roman Empire, 2nd century
Gold and glass
Weight 1.8 gr; circumference 48 mm; US size 4¾; UK size J

USD $3,500

This particular type of ring is Graeco-Roman and found up to the end of the 2nd century; interestingly, it is a classical antecedent for the Gothic stirrup ring.  Their love of color led the Romans to use many different stones and also colored glass as occurs here in this delicate ring made of hollow gold.  For this ring, see the typology of forms for ancient Rome developed by Marshall (1908, p. xlvi, fig. E.xv).

Description
Hollow thin hoop rounded on the exterior and flat on the interior, widening to form the high oval bezel set with a purple glass. Rear of the shank very thin; in excellent condition.

Literature
For comparisons, see London, British Museum (a silver Graeco-Roman example, published by Marshall, 1908, no. 1147).

Reference number: 208

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