Medieval Rings

les Enluminures



Campbell, M. Medieval Jewellery in Europe, 1100-1500. London, 2009.

Church, R. Rings. London, 2011.

Edwards, Charles. The History and Poetry of Finger-Rings, New York, 1855.

Kunz, G. F. The Curious Lore of Precious Stones, 1913.

Kunz, G.F. Rings for the Finger, Philadelphia, 1917.

Lambert, Sylvie. The Ring. Design: Past and Present, Crans-Près-Céligny [Switzerland], 1998

Scarisbrick, Diana. Rings: Jewelry of Power, Love and Loyalty, London, 2007 (reprint 2013).

Scarisbrick, Diana. Rings: Symbols of Wealth, Power, and Affection, London, 1993.

Taylor, Gerard and Scarisbrick, Diana. Finger Rings from Ancient Egypt to the Present Day, London and Oxford, 1978.


(N.B. references by author and date cited below appear in the
descriptions of rings; unless otherwise noted exhibition catalogues are
cited under the name of the principle author or editor).


Diamonds and the Power of Love: The Diamond Engagement Ring – A Commitment to Love over the Centuries, Diamond Trading Company, London, 2002 [exhibition catalogue].


Een eeuw von schittering, diamantjuwelen uit 17de eeuw, Antwerpen, 1993
[exhibition catalogue].

Albersmeier, 2005

Albersmeier, S. Bedazzled: 5,000 Years of Jewelry. [Walters Art Museum, Baltimore.] London and Baltimore, 2005.

Arrhenius, 1985

Arrhenius, Birgit. Merovingian Garnet Jewellery, Stockholm,1985.

Baldini Lippolis, 1999

Baldini Lippolis, Isabella. L'Oreficeria nell'impero di Costantinopoli tra IV e VII secolo, Bari, 1999.

Battke, 1938

Battke, H. Die Ringsammlung des Berliner Schloßmuseums zugleich eine Kunst- und Kulturgeschichte des Ringes. Berlin, 1938.

Boardman, 1968

Boardman, J. Engraved Gems: The Ionides Collection, London 1968.

Boardman, 1977

Boardman, J. and Scarisbrick D. The Ralph Harari Collection of Finger Rings, London, 1977.

Brogiolo, 2007

Brogiolo, G. P. and Chavarría Arnau, A. I Longobardi. Dalla caduta dell'Impero all'alba dell'Italia, Milano, 2007.

Brown, Kidd and Little, 2000

Brown, Katherine; Kidd, Dafydd; T. Little, Charles, From Attila to Charlemagne. Arts of the Early Medieval Period in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000.

Bury, 1982

Bury, S. Jewellery Gallery: Summary Catalogue. Victoria & Albert Museum, London, 1982.

Cancellieri, 1823

Cancellieri, F. Notizie sopra l'origine e l'uso dell'Anello Pescatorio e degli anelli ecclesiastici e specialmente del cardinalizio, Rome, 1823.

Chadour, 1985

Chadour, A.B. and Joppien, R. Kunstgewerbemuseum der Stadt Köln, Schmuck II Fingerringe, Cologne, 1985.

Chadour, 1994

Chadour, A.B. Rings: The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, 2 vols., Leeds, 1994.

Dalton, 1912

Dalton, O.M. Franks Bequest. Catalogue of the Finger Rings Early Christian, Byzantine, Teutonic, Mediaeval and Later … , London, 1912.

Deloche, 1900

Deloche, M. Etude historique et archéologique sur les anneaux sigillaires et autres des premiers siècles du Moyen Age, Paris, 1900.

DeRicci, 1912

De Ricci, Seymour. Catalogue of a Collection of Ancient Rings formed by the late E. Guilhou, Paris, 1912.

Distelberger, 2002

Distelberger, Rudolf. Die Kunst des Steinschnitts. Prunkgefäße, Kameen und Commessi aus der Kunstkammer, Milano, 2002.

Elmhirst, 1959

Elmhirst, E.M., and L. Dow. Merchants’ Marks, London, 1959.

Entwistle and Adams, 2010

Entwistle, C., and N. Adams, eds. Intelligible Beauty: Recent Research on Byzantine Jewellery, London, 2010.

Europe without Borders, 2007

The Merovingian Period. Europe without Borders: Archaeology and History of the 5th to 8th Centuries. Catalogue of exhibitions held at the Pushkin and Hermitage Museums, Berlin, 2007.

Evans, 1922

Evans, J. Magical Jewels of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance particularly in England, Oxford, 1922.

Evans, 1931

Evans, J. English Posies and Posy Rings, Oxford, 1931.

Evans, 1953

Evans, J. A History of Jewellery, 1100-1870, London, 1953.

Farges, 1998

Farges, Francois, “Mineralogy of the Louvres Merovingian Garnet Cloisonné Jewelry: Origin of the Gems of the First Kings of France,” American Mineralogist 83, 1998, pp. 323-330.

Forsyth, 2013

Forsyth, Hazel. The Cheapside Hoard. London’s Lost Jewels, London, 2013. [exhibition catalogue]

Garside, 1979

Garside, A., ed. Jewelry Ancient to Modern [Walters Art Museum, Baltimore], Baltimore, 1979.

Giuliano, 1989

Giuliano, Antonio. I Cammei dalla Collezione Medicea del Museo Archeologico di Firenze, Rome, 1989.

Gohr, 2000

Gohr Siegfried. Wahre Wunder Sammler & Sammlungen im Rheinland, Cologne, 2000.

Gonosov√° and Kondolean, 1994

Gonosová, Anna and Christine Kondoleon. Art of Late Rome and Byzantium. Catalogue of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, 1994.

Hadjadj, 2004

Hadjadj, Reine. Les bagues d'époque mérovingienne en Gaule du nord, 2 vols., doctoral dissertation, Université Paris I-- Panthéon-Sorbonne, 2004.

Hadjadj, 2008

Hadjadj, Reine. Bagues mérovingiennes, Gaule du Nord, Paris, 2008.

Haedecke, 2000

Haedecke, Hanns-Ulrich. Schmuck aus drei Jahrtausenden. Sammlung Hanns-Ulrich Haedecke, Cologne, 2000.

Harlow, 1997

Harlow, G., ed. The Nature of Diamonds, Cambridge, 1997.

Henig, 1994

Henig, Martin, A. MacGregor, et al. Ancient and Modern Intaglios and Cameos in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1994

Hindman et al., 2014

Hindman, S. et al. Cycles of Life Rings from the Benjamin Zucker Family Collection, London, 2014.

Hindman, et al, 2007

Hindman, S., I. Fatone, A. Laurent-di Mantova, and D. Scarisbrick. Toward an Art History of Medieval Rings: A Private Collection, London, 2007.

Jackson, 1905

Jackson, C. J. English Goldsmiths and their Marks. A History of Goldsmiths and Plate Workers of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Suffolk, 1905 [ed. by I. Pickford, 1992).

Jessup, 1950

Jessup, Frederick Ronald. Anglo-Saxon Jewellery. London, n.d. [1950] (revised 1974).

Johns, 1983

Johns, C., and T. Potter. The Thetford Treasure, London, 1983.

Johns, 1996

Johns, C. The Jewellery of Roman Britain: Celtic and Classical Traditions, London, 1996.

Kagan, 1973

Kagan, J. Western European Cameos in the Hermitage Collections, Saint Petersbourg, 1973.

Kagan, 2000

Kagan, Julia and Oleg Neverov, et al. Splendeurs des collections de Catherine II de Russie. Le Cabinet de pierres gravées du Duc d'Orléans, Paris, 2000 [exhibition catalogue].

Kalavrezou, 2002

Kalavrezou, Ioli, et al. Byzantine Women and Their World, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, distributed New Haven, Yale University Press, 2002 [exhibition catalogue].

Kantorowicz, 1960

Kantorowicz, E. H. “On the Golden Marriage Belt and the Marriage Rings of the Dumbarton Oaks Collection,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 14, 1960, pp. 1-16.

Kris, 1929

Kris, E. Meister und Meisterwerke der Steinschneidekunst in der Italiensischen Renaissance, Vienna, 1929.

Lightfoot, 1985

Lightfoot, C. S. “Roman double finger rings,” Jewellery Studies 2, 1985, pp. 11-22.

Marshall, 1908

Marshall, F.H. Catalogue of the Finger Rings Greek, Etruscan & Roman in the Departments of Antiquities, British Museum, London, 1908 (reprint 1968).

Menghin, 2007

Menghin, W., ed. The Merovingian Period – Europe without Borders, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin, 2007 [exhibition catalogue].

Muller, 1972

Muller, Priscilla E. Jewels in Spain 1500-1800, New York, 1972.

Murdoch, 1991

Murdoch, T. Treasures & Trinkets: Jewellery in London from Pre-Roman Times to the 1930s, Museum of London, London, 1991 [exhibition catalogue].

Oates, 1981

Oates, F.A.H., Catalogue of Finger Rings, London, 1917 (reprint 1981).

Ogden, 1983

Ogden, J., Jewellery of the Ancient World, New York, 1983.

Oman, 1930

Oman, Charles C. Catalogue of Rings. Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1930 (reprint 1974 and 1993).

Oman, 1974

Oman, Charles C. British Rings 800-1914, London, 1974

Or des Princes barbares, 2000

Perin, Patrick et al. L'Or des Princes barbares du Caucase a la Gaule V e siècle après J.-C., Paris [Musée des Antiquités nationale, château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 2000 [exhibition catalogue].

Piacenti and Boardman, 2008

Piacenti, K.A. and J. Boardman, Ancient and Modern Gems and Jewels in the collection of her Majesty the Queen, 2008.

Pichon, 1897

Collections de feu M. Le Baron Jérôme Pichon. Objets Antiques, du Moyen Age, de la Renaissance, etc., Paris, 1897.

Power of Love, 1988

The Power of Love, London, 1988 [exhibition catalogue].

Reich der Salier, 1992

Das Reich der Salier 1024-1125, Katalog zur Ausstellung des Landes Rheinland-Pfalz, Sigmaringen 1992 [exhibition catalogue].

Ross, 1965

Ross, M. Catalogue of the Byzantine and Early Medieval Antiquities in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection, Washington, D.C., 1965.

Scarisbrick, 1995

Scarisbrick, Diana. Tudor and Jacobean Jewellery, London, 1995.

Scarisbrick, 2004

Scarisbrick, D. Historic Rings: Four Thousands Years of Craftsmanship, [Hashimoto Collection], Tokyo 2004.

Scarisbrick and Henig, 2003

Scarisbrick, Diana and Henig, Martin. Finger rings from Ancient to Modern [Ashmolean handbooks], Oxford, 2003.

Seidmann, 1981

Seidmann, G. “Marriage Rings Jewish Style,” The Connoisseur, January 1981, pp. 48-51.

Seidmann, 1983

Seidmann, G. “Jewish Marriage Rings,” Jewellery Studies 1 (1983-84), pp. 41-44

Seidmann, 1989

Seidmann, G. “Jewish Marriage rings,” The International Silver & Jewellery Fair & Seminar, London, 1989, pp. 29-34.

Smith, 1908

Smith, H. Clifford. Jewellery, London, 1908.

Somers Cocks, 1980

Somers Cocks, A., ed. Princely Magnifcence. Court Jewels of the Renaissance, 1500-1630, London, 1980. [exhibition catalogue].

Spier, 1992

Spier, J. Ancient Gems and Finger Rings, J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, 1992.

Spier, 2010

Spier, J. Treasures of the Ferrell Collection, Wiesbaden, 2010.

Spier, 2012

Spier, J. Byzantium and the West: Jewelry in the First Millennium, Chicago, 2012.

Tait, 1986

Tait, H. Seven Thousand Years of Jewellery, London, 1986.

Tillander, 1995

Tillander, H. Diamond Cuts in Historic Jewellery, 1381-1910, London, 1995.

Vikan, 1987

Vikan, G. "Early Christian and Byzantine Rings in the Zucker Family Collection," The Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 45, 1987, pp. 32-43.

Wamser and Zahlhaas, 1998

Wamser, L. and Zahlhaas, G. Rom und Byzanz, Archaologische Kostbarkeiten aus Bayern, Munich, 1998.

Ward, et al, 1981

Ward, A., J. Cherry, C. Gere, B. Cartlidge. The Ring from Antiquity to the Twentieth Century, London, 1981 (translation in pocket edition La Bague, 1999).

Wardropper, 2000

Ian Wardropper et al. "Renaissance Jewelry in the Alsdorf Collection," The Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies, 25 (2000), pp. 1-112 (entire issue devoted to the collection).

Whitfield, 1998

Whitfield, Niamh. "The Manufacture of Ancient Beaded Wire: Experiments and Observations," in Jewellery Studies vol. 8, 1998, pp. 57-86.

Yeroulanou, 1999

Yeroulanou, Aimilia. Diatrita. Gold pierced-work jewellery from the 3rd to the 7th century, Athens [Benaki Museum], 1999 [exhibition catalogue].

Zucker, 1984

Zucker, B. Gems and Jewels: A Connoissuer’s Guide, New York, 1984 (reprint 1991 and 2003).